TPO04 - Bendigo


The railway from Melbourne to Kyneton opened in April 1862. The extension to Sandhurst (renamed Bendigo in 1891) opened in October 1862 and the further extension to Echuca opened in September 1864.

TPOs 3, 4 and 14 served along this route. The evidence suggests TPO3 only went as far as Sandhurst until about 1890, after which it went to Echuca. TPO4 travelled to Echuca from the start and may have provided service from Bendigo to Mildura after 1903.

Stations served include Macedon, Woodend, Kyneton, Taradale, Castlemaine, Daylesford, Sandhurst, and further north to Rochester and Echuca

 

T04-R1 (Receiver)

The TPO/4 was used to cancel mail that was received at the mail van travelling in either direction. The earliest recorded date is on a cover dated October 9, 1869 and the latest usage is on a stamp issued in 1885.

This is common on stamps but quite scarce on cover.

 

T04-R2 (Receiver)

A new receiver  is seen on stamps issued in 1895. It has a larger 4 with serifs, and 4 bars below the TPO.

This is common on stamps but I have not yet recorded any covers.

 

T04-U1 (Uptrain)

The large oval cancel is recorded from January 14, 1866 until November 12, 1873.

My census of first-type cancels includes 7 covers with this cancel.

 

T04-U2 (Uptrain)

A duplex cancel was issued. The earliest recorded date is August 31, 1872 and the latest recorded date is 1874.

Despite the published records, I have not seen any examples of this cancellation.

 

T04-U3 (Uptrain)

The 23mm circle is recorded from October 17, 1874 until December 5, 1883. Interestingly, it has the letters G.M. instead of M.G.

This is a scarce cancel on stamp and on cover.

 

T04-U4 (Uptrain)

The 25mm circle is recorded from January 14, 1884 until October 16, 1905.

This is very common on stamps and common on cover

 

T04-U5 (Uptrain)

This 25mm circle is a unique style, not duplicated in any other Victoria TPO cancellations. It is recorded from October 30, 1905 until May 21, 1913.

This is a very common strike on both stamps and covers.

 

T04-U6 (Uptrain)

The 30mm circle is recorded from March 23, 1913 until January 8, 1918.

This is a common strike on stamps but I have only recorded 1 cover.

 

T04-D1 (Downtrain)

The large octagon is recorded from Janaury 16, 1866 until July 3, 1872.

My census of first-type cancels includes 8 covers with this cancellation.

 

T04-D2 (Downtrain)

A duplex cancel was issued next. The only verifiable date is March 11, 1872.

I have only recorded a single strike on a stamp and no covers.

 

T04-D3 (Downtrain)

The 23mm octagon is recorded from December 19, 1874 until June 6, 1883. This cancel has the inscription G.M.instead of M.G.

I have not recorded any examples on loose stamp, and record only 3 covers.

 

 

T04-D4 (Downtrain)

The 25mm octagon is recorded from July 20, 1883 until October 3, 1912, a span of 29 years.

This is a common strike on stamps but somewhat scarce on cover.

 

T04-D5 (Downtrain)

The 30mm circle cancel is recorded from June 3, 1913 until March 3, 1917.

This is a rare strike on stamps and I have not yet recorded any covers.

 


The Early and Late Record Dates shown are those published by Purves, or otherwise confirmed to me by various TPO collectors based on inventory in their respective collections.

Rarity factors shown have been deduced from the aggregate inventory of several major collections in this field, exceeding 10,000 strikes on loose stamps and 1050 covers in total; however, the statements on relative rarity are observations only and no warranty of accuracy shall be implied.

Reference: Victoria: The Travelling Post Offices and Their Markings (1865-1912) by JWRPurves (1979

 

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