TPO02 - Ballart (*)


Part1:

The railway from Melbourne to Geelong was opened in June 1857 with service extended to Ballarat in 1862.  In October 1865, TPO2 began service along the route. Stations served along the route include Little River, Lara, Geelong, Batesford, Meredith, Lal Lal, Yendon and Ballarat.  TPO's 1 and 10 also served along this route.

Part 2:

TPO2 service was removed in 1891 and re-assigned to South Gippsland in 1898. Service was terminated in 1917. Stations served include Leongatha, Dandenong, Kongwak, Cranbourne, South Yarram, and Port Albert

 

 

TO2-R1 (Receiver)

My research suggests that the TPO/n type cancellations were used to cancel mail received at the mail van regardless of the direction of travel.  They were not applied to uptrain mail only, as Purves suggested.  The earliest recorded example is on an 1868 issue stamp and the latest recorded example on a stamp issued in 1872.

It is quite scarce on loose stamps and I have not yet recorded a cover.

 

T02-U1 (Uptrain Ballarat)

The 29mm oval cancellation was the first type issued for TPO usage.  The earliest date recorded is December 12, 1867 and the latest date recorded is December 26, 1870.

My census on the first-type cancels included 2 covers with this cancellation.

 

T02-U2 (Uptrain Ballarat)

The duplex cancellation is recorded from December 23, 1872 until November 23, 1877. 

This is a rare mark in loose stamps and also rare on cover.

 

T02-U3 (Uptrain Ballarat)

The 22mm circle cancellation is recorded from February 21, 1878 until August 16, 1893. TPO2 service to Ballarat was terminated after this date, but the service was later re-allocated to the South Gippsland route

It is reasonably common on loose stamps but somewhat scarce on cover.

 

T02-U4 (Uptrain South Gippsland)

TPO2 was re-allocated to the South Gippsland route and the duplex was re-issued for use. The earliest date seen is July 13, 1898 and the latest seen is November 12, 1908. 

It is very common on loose stamp and quite scarce on cover.

 

T02-U5 (Uptrain South Gippsland)

The 28mm circular cancellation is recorded from February 9, 1909 until September 11,1917.  TPO2 was withdrawn from use after this date.

It is very common on loose stamp, but I have only recorded 3 covers  to date.

 

T02-D1 (Ballarat)

The large octagon is recorded from July 20, 1865 until September 28, 1868. It is one of the TPO rarities.

My census of first-type cancels includes just 2 covers with this cancellation.

 

T02-D2 (Downtrain Ballarat)

The earliest recorded date for the duplex type of cancel is September 11, 1872 and the latest recorded date is 1878.

This is quite rare on loose stamps and only 1 example has been found on cover.

 

T02-D3 (Downtrain Ballarat)

The 22mm octagon cancel is first recorded on June 7, 1878 and the latest date recorded is March 11, 1892.

It is fairly scarce but not nearly as rare as the earlier types.

 

 

T02-D4 (Downtrain South Gippsland)

The Duplex type of cancel was re-introduced after the TPO was re-allocated to the South Gippsland route.  The earliest recorded date is November 21, 1898 and the latest date recorded is March 30, 1908.

It is very commonly found on loose stamps but I have recorded only 5 covers.

 

T02-D5 (Downtrain South Gippsland)

The 28mm circle is recorded with dates from December 10, 1909 until May 16, 1917.

It is scarce on loose stamps - and I have not yet recorded a single cover with this cancellation.

 


The Early and Late Record Dates shown are those published by Purves, or otherwise confirmed to me by various TPO collectors based on inventory in their respective collections.

Rarity factors shown have been deduced from the aggregate inventory of several major collections in this field, exceeding 10,000 strikes on loose stamps and 1050 covers in total; however, the statements on relative rarity are observations only and no warranty of accuracy shall be implied.

Reference: Victoria: The Travelling Post Offices and Their Markings (1865-1912) by JWRPurves (1979)

 

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